As a reminder, throughout the following description, references will be to the symbolic/religious/cultic orientation, with entry being made from the east and progressing to the west, the rear wall of the burial chamber.
An overall representation of the total content can seem in the J.C. painting, below.
The wall consists of three independent scenes. Firstly, on the left (the cultic east) the deceased and Meryt are shown worshipping Osiris and Anubis, whilst at the centre the scene illustrates Chapter 151 of the Book of the Dead. Finally, on the right, Sennefer and Meryt are being purified by a sem-priest.
The grape vine arbour decoration of the ceiling, which is above the full length of this wall, extends down into the three scenes.
Left side: worship of Osiris and Anubis
As opposite, on the south wall, Sennefer and Meryt are shown worshipping Osiris, only this time he is accompanied by Anubis. The scene has survived much better than when Osiris was accompanied by Hathor. The two gods sit on chairs which contain on the sides the emblem of the unified Egypt. They are within a pavilion where bunches of grapes hang from the ceiling. This time Osiris is shown with reddish coloured skin, a sign that he is resurrected. He still wears the atef-crown, but here he does not have the long was-sceptre, only the crook and flail. Behind him sits Anubis having his characteristic jackal head. He holds his hands as if he is protecting Osiris (see ).
The text above them both identified Osiris four times and Anubis once:
"Osiris, lord of Eternity, the great god. Osiris, lord of Buto (which is located in the Delta)
. Osiris, Lord of the west. Osiris, king of the living. Anubis, foremost in the divine hall, the Imiut (i.e. Anubis)
, Lord of Ta-Djeser."
Directly in front of the pavilion is a small offering table, over which is a bunch of three lotus flowers, two of them are still in bud. Sennefer holds his hands in worship over the offering, with Meryt standing behind him making the same gesture. He is dressed in his usual garments and jewellery, except there is no indication of the double heart pendant around his neck. Meryt is dressed a slim tight-fitting white dress and wears a multicoloured necklace and wrist-bands. From her right elbow hangs her sistrum.
The text above them states:
"[He] makes adoration to Osiris, [he] prostrates [before] the Imiut, Lord of the Ta-Djeser (i.e. the sacred land)
, Mayor Sennefer, justified. Greetings to you, [oh] thou august god, Osiris, Lord of Rosetau, great in Dadu, great in Abydos, the sovereign who reigns eternally! Thus come to greet the splendours during every day!".
The text in front of Meryt identifies her, as usual, with:
"His companion, whom he loves, who has the place of his heart, the mistress of the house, the chantress of Amun, Meryt, justified."
The grape vine, which descends from the ceiling, actually reaches to the ground immediately behind Meryt, and is heavily laden with ripe fruit.
Centre section: Book of the Dead - Chapter 151
This element of the wall was designed within a large square frame, subdivided into multiple components by broad lines, with a inner square again subdivided. Geometrically it is well balanced, and for a very good reasons. It is meant to represent the burial chamber, with the deceased at the centre, the top representing the cultic west wall.
At the centre can be seen Anubis standing at the side of the already mummified body of the deceased, lying on a funerary bed, beneath which can be seen the soul of the deceased, represented in the shape of a bird with a human head, the "Ba". The text associated with Anubis is badly damaged, but what remains states:
"Words spoken by Anubis, the one who is in the Place of Embalming, Foremost of the Divine Booth, (to) the Osiris, Mayor Sennefer, justified". The remaining part of this text, the actual words spoken by Anubis, is badly damaged. Beneath the bed the text is also damaged, but what remains says:
"The living Ba […] corpse, his rest, [……] to fan the breath of his Lord".
On either side, in the two panels, are Isis (at the head) and Nephthys (at the feet). They both push a "shen-sign", the symbol of protection, on the ground whilst lamenting the following incantations:
— "Words spoken by Isis to the Osiris, Mayor Sennefer, justified. 'I have come as your protection. I have fanned the air to your nose, the north wind which comes from Atum. I [have cleared] your throat. I cause you to be a god, your enemies have fallen. May they not exist. [May you be justified (in) the boat of Ra. May you be powerful before Geb. May you be stable before Osiris.]'"
— "Words spoken by Nephthys: 'I have circled around my brother, the Osiris, Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified. I have come that I may be your protection. My protection is around you, my protection is around you eternally. Your call has been heard by Ra and you have been vindicated by the gods. Raise yourself up so that you may be vindicated because of what has been done against you. Ptah has overthrown your enemies. You are the Son of Hathor, commanding to do what you may do, your head will not retreat from you for eternity.' "
Standing at the four corners of the main area, actually directly above and below the two goddesses, are located the four canopic gods, the children of Horus (see the about them). Replicas of their heads would be used as stoppers for the appropriate canopic vessel for the viscera. They are namely, top left and clockwise: Amseti (monkey-headed) Hapy (falcon-headed), Qebehsenuef (jackal-headed) and Duamutef (human-headed).
Their texts are:
— "Words spoken by Amseti: 'I am your son. Osiris, Mayor Sennefer, justified. I have come that I may be your protection. I have caused your house to flourish enduringly.' "
— "Words spoken by Hapy: 'Osiris, Mayor Sennefer, justified. I have come so that I may be your protection, and that I may knit together for you your head and your limbs. I have smitten for you your enemies beneath you. I have given you your head eternally.' "
— "Words spoken by Qebehsenuef: ' I am your son. Osiris, Mayor Sennefer, justified. I have come that I may be your protection. I have reassembled for you your bones. I have prepared for you your limbs. I have brought to you your heart.' ".
— "Words spoken by Duamutef: ' I am your son. Osiris, Mayor Sennefer, justified. I am your son Horus, your beloved. I have come to protect my father, the Osiris, from the hand that does to him his injury. I have placed him under your two feet eternally.' "
These four are named again, together with Sennefer, on the two text bands which bridge the faces of pillars 1 and 2, also pillars 3 and 4, which face into the central east-west aisle.
Between them, thus covering the four cultic directions, are represented the amulets associated with magic bricks made from unbaked clay. They each carried one of the portrayed amulets and were inscribed with spells, which were meant to protect the deceased from intruders. The four rectangles represent the niches normally found in the four walls of the burial chamber. Remember that one such niche exists in the centre of the south wall. From centre top (representing the west wall) and clockwise they are:
— The djed pillar, this symbolises the stability of every rebirth, every repairing death and maintains the creation. The text reads:
"The Osiris, Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer. I have come seeking, reverse your steps, you whose face is hidden. I am one who stands behind the Djed pillar, I drive off those who slay."
— The text of the mummiform figure reads:
"Good are the virtues of your name eternally, in your beautiful house of eternity, the Osiris, Sennefer, justified."
— The jackal of Anubis, which was laying on its shrine, has risen on to its paws. This is a symbol of resurrection, as the legend indicates:
"Be vigilant Osiris, Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified. Be vigilant Anubis […] [around your head] drive away […]."
— The text accompanying the flame reads:
"For protection of your limbs, I am effective. I have set fire to the hill country. I was the Eye of Horus bearing his beauty, the Osiris, Sennefer."
At the top corners, to left and right, are bird-forms, beings with human heads. One of these was represented below the mummy in the central scene. These representations of the Ba (or soul) of the deceased, have moved from the body and can roam freely. It is this soul, which wants to leave the tomb each day, in order "to look at the sun".
— On the right the Ba looks to the east, to the sun-god at his ascent:
"Words spoken by the living soul: ' He praises Ra when he sets in life in the horizon (this was wrongly written by the scribe, and should say 'when he rises in life on the eastern horizon')
of the sky in the course of every day, by the Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified.'"
— On the left, the Ba looks to the west, to his setting:
"Words spoken by the living soul: ' He praises Ra when he sets in life in the western horizon of the sky, in the course of every day, by Mayor Sennefer.'".
At the bottom corners, to the left and right, are represented ushabti figures. Their task was to function in place of the deceased, in the hereafter, if he was required to work "in the fields of the Osiris".
— On the side of Isis, the text with the figure is:
"The Illuminated One, Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified. He says: 'Oh, Shabty, if Mayor Sennefer, justified, is allotted to do any work that is to be done within the necropolis as a man to his duties, to the growing of the fields, to the flooding of the banks, to row sand of the east to the west, behold me then.' ". The last part of the text is actually located in front of the legs of the shabti figurine.
— On the side of Nephthys, the text with the figure is:
"The Illuminated One, Mayor of the City, Sennefer, justified. He says: 'Oh, Shabty, if Mayor Sennefer, justified, is allotted to do any work that is to be done within the necropolis as a man to his duties, to the growing of the fields, to the flooding of the banks, to row sand of the east to the west, behold me then.' ". The last part of the text is actually located at bottom left, inside the surrounding border.
Right side: purification by a sem-priest
This purification symbolises the beginning of the ritual ceremony of the "Opening of the Mouth". But, as mentioned in the description of the south wall, the act mouth opening ceremony is totally absent from this chamber.
The officiant performs the purification of Sennefer and Meryt. He is clothed in the panther skin of the sem-priest, worn over a white kilt (see ). Holding a nemset vessel in his hands, from which escapes a stream of water which flows over Sennefer and his wife. He invokes (in the text located above and behind him) in turn: Horus, god of the south, Seth, god of the north, Thoth, god of the west, and Sepa, god of the east. Sepa, a less known god, whose name means centipede, is either depicted as a normal centipede or as a mummified figure with two horns. Since centipedes are venomous, Sepa was seen as having authority over snake bites and scorpion stings, and so was invoked for protection against these things. Finally the purification, thus addressed successively to the four cardinal points, is offered to the deceased in his tomb. The text states:
"Words spoken four times: 'Your double purification is as Horus, in your turn; your double purification is as Seth, in your turn; your double purification is as Thoth, in your turn; your double purification is as Sepa, in your turn. In your turn the purification of the Osiris, Mayor Sennefer, in his house of justification, his beautiful home of eternity!' "
The other inscription, written in front of the priest, indicates the beginning of the celebration of the funerary rituals (or 'Opening of the Mouth' ceremony) for Sennefer.
"He (the deceased] is placed on the hill of sand in the House of Gold, facing south, naked on the earth, on that day when the clothes are behind him. Words spoken four times: Doubly purified, the Osiris, Mayor Sennefer, justified, and mistress of the house, Meryt.". Even though the text states that the deceased is placed on a hill of sand, this is not present. Also, the text is surely written as if the priest is addressing the deceased's mummy.
In front of the sem-priest stand Sennefer and Meryt (see ), whom the priest purifies using a nemset-jar, from which two streams of sacred water flow. The couple are dressed in their usual attire and jewelry, although Sennefer once again wears the double heart amulet. A visitor has inscribed the name "Alexander" in hieroglyphs on the right heart (see ), showing that the tomb was visited long after it was completed. Sennefer is holding a bound lotus-blossom bouquet in his left hand and his long staff of office in the other. Meryt is again wearing her slim-fitting white dress, but for the first time it can be seen to be low cut with a single (although possibly two) shoulder strap, revealing her breast. She holds her sistrum and possibly a lettuce in her left hand and a menit-necklace in the other.
The two texts associated with Sennefer are:
— above him:
"The Osiris, Mayor of the Southern City, having reached old age among the favoured of the Lord of the Two Lands, Sennefer, justified."
— in front of him:
"Coming in peace, the Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified, following this august god, Amun, Lord of the Thrones of the Two Lands, when coming forth from Karnak to rest in Henquet-Ankh (the place of offerings and life, possibly the mortuary temple of Thutmosis III)
, his heart is joyous in following his lord to rest in his tomb, your (actually, it should read 'his')
house of eternity."
The two texts associated with Meryt are:
— above her:
"The mistress of the house, whom he loves, the chantress of Amun, Meryt."
— in front of her:
"Coming in peace, to make praises in the house of Amun, by the chantress of Amun, Meryt.".
The wall is divided centrally by the entrance from the antechamber. The area to the left contains one scene, that of an offering made to the couple by a sem-priest. On the right the area contains two scenes, each containing only Sennefer and Meryt.
As can be seen from the J.C. painting below, this wall, like the west wall, also contains a khekher frieze at the top of most of the southern scenes. On the left, grape laden vines descending from the ceiling above. Although there are only vines on the ceiling above the seated Sennefer and Meryt at the left (north), vines have extended over the sem-priest and continues as a double vine over the entry and the figure of Sennefer standing to the right.
The wall has survived with very little damage and it displays amazing detail.
Centre section: Book of the Dead - Chapter 151
On the left-hand side of the entry/exit wall a sem-priest, dressed in his usual leopard skin, burns incense and makes a libation offering to Sennefer and Meryt. In his hands he holds a censer and hes-vase with which he pours a libation over the smaller of two offerings heaped with various kinds of food. The larger, which is nearest to Sennefer, is piled on top of a tall single pillar stand, whilst the other is on a low table.
Between the priest and the smaller table is a vertical line of inscription:
"1000 breads, 1000 beers, 1000 cattle, 1000 fowl, 1000 of all good and pure things for your ka-soul.". Another small text exists between the pillar of the larger offering and Sennefer's legs and just states:
"A daily offering for your ka, Mayor Sennefer, justified".
A long inscription begins in front of the priest and continues behind him, explaining the scene:
"Performing libations and burning incense. This is your libation, Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified, who has become Osiris. This is your libation. You go forth to Horus, you go forth to your son. I am come. I have brought the eye of Horus. Your heart is cool (meaning 'satisfied')
with it. I have brought this for you, beneath your feet, under your sandals.".
Sennefer and Meryt sit next to each other (see ) on what would normally be seen as a long bench seat, even though Meryt appears to be sitting behind him. However, as a leg of a seat is shown between the two occupants, this would indicate two chairs, but note that there is no back support behind Sennefer.
They are dressed in their usual attire, but Sennefer is once again without the double heart emblem. He can be seen to be wearing at least one large gold earring and in his hands he has the folded piece of cloth and a lotus blossom, which he holds to his nose. In Meryt's head band, and only just visible, is a single lotus flower, unusually only in bud. She has her left arm around Sennefer's shoulder, whilst she holds a lotus blossom in the other on her lap. Beneath the bench seat, under Meryt are two tall vases possibly filled with grain.
The text above them identities them in the usual way:
"Mayor of the Southern City, favourite of Amun, Sennefer, justified. His companion, whom he loves, who has the place of his heart, the chantress of Amun, Meryt, justified in the necropolis."
Entrance and exit from the chamber
Centrally, below these two branches of grapevine, is a tall altar on top of which are five lotus flowers. Three of these are still in bud and two in full bloom. The support of this alter is bound with a ribbon. On either side, in the role of life and death, is a building on which reclines a jackal, with a ribbon around its neck (see ). This jackal is identified in the text above the lotus flowers as:
"Anubis, who is in the Place of Embalming, Lord of the Necropolis".
The pylons on which Anubis reclines represent the two horizons, which separates this world from the next. On one side, the western mountains where the sun and life disappears; on the other side, the eastern mountains connect with the rising sun and thus representing the side of renewed life.
Below the two images of Anubis on his pylon, the doorway is decorated with six texts in the form of the offering formulae. Two are placed on the lintel, reading from right to left, and two are placed on each of the uprights at either side, reading from top to bottom.
The lintel pair are to Amun-Ra (at the top) and to Mut:
— "An offering which the king gives to Amun-Ra, King of the Gods, that he may give coming and going from his temple to the Ka of the Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified.
— "An offering which the king gives to Mut, the Lady of Isheru, that she may give life, prosperity, health, alertness, favour and love to the Ka of the Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified."
The texts of the south side uprights (inside first) are:
— "An offering which the king gives to Wennefer, the Great One in Abydos, that he may give sleep […] to Mayor Sennefer, justified."
— "An offering which the king gives Anubis, Powerful of the Gods, Foremost of the Divine Booth, that he may give invocation offerings of bread, beer, oxen and fowl to Mayor Sennefer, justified."
Those of the north side (inside first) are:
— "An offering which the king gives Osiris, Ruler of Eternity, the Great God, that he may give [……] to the Ka of the overseer of the herds of Amun, Sennefer, justified."
— "An offering which the king gives Hathor, the Lady of Dendera, that she may give a good life to the Ka of the Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified."
Right side: two scenes:
Here Sennefer and Meryt are represented twice in two unrelated scenes. There is no separating feature between the two scenes, in fact they slightly overlap. Even the khekher frieze, which continues from the south wall, extends over half of the scene nearest to the doorway; the grape vine only extending over the image of Sennefer. The quality of the image of Sennefer in the section nearest to the entry is very poor, but is greatly surpassed by the images behind it (see ), of his standing wife and the seated couple.
In the scene closest to the exit doorway, Meryt stands behind Sennefer. The are portrayed, according to the text, as
"going out for the day".
He is dressed in his usual garments, however, what should be noted is that here his rippling stomach muscles are clearly displayed; this is the only image of him to show this. He holds his long staff in his right hand and a folded strip of material in his left. His ears are decorated with gold rings. Around his neck he wears a broad gold necklace, from under which hangs the double heart emblem. He wears bracelets on both of his wrists and both upper arms. His feet are bare.
Meryt wears a tight fitting white dress with a shoulder strap, which this time covers her breast. In her left hand she holds a sistrum and a menit-necklace. Her earrings (only one is shown) appears as if only drawn in outline. However, the other details show that her hair is in tight braids, through which can be seen her coloured necklace, which actually matches her bracelets which she wears on both wrists and both upper arms. Her coloured headband appears to have a wilted lotus flower at its front.
The two columns of text in front of Sennefer's legs state:
"Walking on the land every day, by Mayor Sennefer, justified, (and) the mistress of the house, the chantress of Amun, Meryt, justified."
Another text is placed, at head height, in front of each of them.
In front of Sennefer:
"Going forth on the land in order to see the sun-disk, in the course of every day, by the Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified."
In front of Meryt:
"His companion, whom he loves, who is the place of his heart, the chantress of Amun, Meryt, justified."
Here the scene represents the couple seated, as at the other end of the east wall, on a long bench seat, facing towards the doorway. This time there is no chair leg shown between the two occupants. They are dressed in their usual garments.
This time Sennefer holds a sekhem-sceptre in his right hand, across his chest. He places his empty left hand just above his knee. He wears a coloured broad necklace around his neck but without the double heart pendant. Sennefer's hair appears to be in tight curls, extending down to his shoulders and possibly even further.
Meryt holds a bouquet of flowers in her left hand, two of which are still in bud. Her right arm is around Sennefer's back and her hand can be seen resting on his right shoulder. Her hairstyle is different to that of the other two images of this wall, having short braids only at the lower edge. Her hair band, although of the same design as the other two images, contains at the front an open lotus blossom and two buds. Her bracelets again match her necklace, but this time she does not appear to have one on her upper right arm.
Under their seat are again two vases, one appears to be of gold and the other of silver.
The columns of text, which begin in front of Sennefer and extend above the couple, is in the usual form of an offering formula:
"An offering which the king gives to Osiris, Ruler of Eternity, that he may give invocation offerings of bread, beer, oxen and fowl, everything good and pure, all which goes forth upon his altar in the course of every day, for the Ka of the Mayor of the Southern City, Sennefer, justified; (and) his companion, his beloved, the chantress of Amun, Meryt, justified."