MASTABAS OF THE OLD KINGDOM AT SAQQARA

AKHETHOTEP AND PTAHHOTEP
Mastaba D64, although named outside as "The Tomb of Ptahhotep", primarily belongs to his father Akhethotep. It is rich with original scenes, combining the precision of attentive observation with that of the remarkable smoothness of execution.
IRUKAPTAH
Situated to the south of the causeway of Unas, this tomb called "tomb of the butchers" is famous for its amazing number of statues whose polychromy is well preserved. It dates from the end of the 5th Dynasty.
Although listed under "mastabas", this is actually a rock tomb.
NYANKHNEFERTEM
Neighbour of the one of Merefnebef, which served as a model, this mastaba of the VIth dynasty is very well protected. Its decoration allows one to imagine the problems in the family of this funeral priest of temples annexed to the pyramids of Unas and Teti.

KAGEMNI
Kagemni was a vizier at the end of the 5th and the beginning of the 6th Dynasty. His magnificent mastaba is decorated, as was usual for this time, with very realistic scenes of the daily life , and which help us discover whole new things about daily life in the Old Kingdom.
MEREFNEBEF
This is an exceptional monument, both in the quality of its creation, as well as in the freshness of its colours. This mastaba also has a history which can be partially recreated, in which politics and family matters had an influence.
MERERUKA
Mereruka succeeded Kagemni as a vizier under king Teti. His huge mastaba had no less than 31 rooms (21 his, 5 his wife's and 5 his son's), and it appears sumptuous when compared to the remains of the pyramid of Teti, his sovereign. Proof is found in the decoration of the emergence of a real aristocracy, resulting in the disappearance of royalty at the end of the 6th Dynasty.
WATETKHETHOR
The mastaba of Watetkhethor, the wife of Mereruka and daughter of the king Teti I, is part of Mereruka's total mastaba complex, occupying its south-west corner. It contains 5 chambers, 3 of these and the connecting passages are decorated. Her burial chamber is accessed from the roof via a flight of stairs.
MERYTETI
Meryteti, son of Mereruka, his chapel is part of the total mastaba complex attributed to his father. Compared with that of his father, it is much smaller by room count, but it does have its own burial chamber. Of all the walls of its three decorated rooms, only the false door of C3 is painted.
TY
The tomb of Ty at Saqqara is probably the best-known non-royal tomb of the Old Kingdom. It is remarkable for the range of topics shown in its reliefs, the quality of their execution and their excellent preservation.
NEFERHERENPTAH
Situated to the south of the Unas causeway, as does that of Irukaptah which it is a neighbour, this mastaba is known as "the bird tomb". It is much larger than what the only visitable section implies, since it spreads on to three levels.
NIANKHKHNUM AND KHNUMHOTEP
The mastaba of "the Two Brothers" includes a double chapel, where one finds the famous scene of the embrace of the two brothers. This can be explained by the exceptional character of this double mastaba for two characters to the same social status, and therefore sharing the same funeral status.
NIKAUISESI
Discovered in 1979-80, this mastaba is located immediately behind the one of Kagemni. It contains five chambers (four of which are decorated) plus a serdab and an inner courtyard with stairs which originally lead to the roof.